Patella-Femoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
PFPS is one of the most common and one of the most challenging conditions. Pain usually occurs at the front of the knee and is caused by the kneecap not lining up correctly with the femur underneath. This can cause pain, grinding of the knee or the feeling that it is locking. These symptoms are caused by an imbalance in the knee ranging from weak quadriceps, misalignment of the hip and pelvis or tightness of the ITB.
These imbalances are worsened by sporting activity, walking downstairs or running. Even prolonged sitting can be uncomfortable. The best PFPS treatment is initially rest from aggravating activities, strengthening the glutes, quadriceps and stretching of the hamstrings and calves. Conservative treatment of the knee involves massage, acupuncture and mobilisation techniques. PFPS has great success with conservative therapy.
Patella Tendinopathy (Jumpers Knee)
This is pain in the front of the knee due to inflammation of the patella tendon. It usually happens when there is a lot of bending at the knee such as jumping or running. The tendon is often very tender and swollen. Treatment involves rest and releasing the stress on the tendon as much as possible with a combination of massage, mobilisation and strapping.