There are many different types of wrist and hand pain, please find some information below about the most common.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
This condition is quite well known. It is when the median nerve gets trapped travelling through a tunnel in the wrist known as the carpal tunnel. It can cause pain and numbness in the thumb and first three fingers as well as weakness of grip. The pain and numbness occurs when the nerve is unable to move freely in the tunnel and can become thickened. Carpal tunnel syndrome can be from trauma (such as a fracture), repetitive strain or swelling in the wrist from pregnancy or diabetes. Releasing the pressure on the nerve is vital to improve symptoms. This can be achieved with wrist splints, or other ergonomic aids to aid the causative activities. Nerve flossing techniques, ultrasound, massage and mobilisation all help with releasing the nerve. Unfortunately there is too much damage to the nerve and surgical intervention is needed to release the pressure and release the nerve.
The wrist is one of the most common places for ganglions to occur in the body. They are fluid filled sacs that usually appear around a joint or tendon. It is unclear as to why they form but most are painless and will disappear on their own so no treatment is needed. Others can compress on the surrounding tissue and cause pain and numbness, this is when treatment and sometimes surgical treatment is needed.