Foot and ankle pain can arise from many different areas in and around the foot, please find information below about some of the common types.
Achilles Tendinopathy (Achilles Tendinitis)
The Achilles tendon is about 15cm long and attaches your calf to you heel. It has a very poor blood supply which allows it to get inflamed very easily. This causes pain at the start of exercise (running) and may feel better or worse throughout. But most patients feel stiffness or pain after activity. The tendon can be painful with pressure or when stretching. It is important to rest from aggravating activity when experiencing this problem as it can lead to Achilles rupture. Conservative treatment and rest is the best solution for this. Massaging the calf and mobilising the joints can improve your running technique, which will release stress on the Achilles tendon. Also a specific rehabilitation programme will help strengthen the Achilles and prevent reoccurrence.
Plantar Fasciitis (PF)
PF is the most common cause of chronic heel pain. The plantar fascia is the fibrous part in the arch of your foot. It can inflame and can cause stabbing pain underneath the foot, especially in the morning when getting out of bed. It can be made worse by poor fitting shoes, prolonged standing, tight calves and obesity. Treatment varies with each case but can include orthotics or taping, manual mobilisation of the foot and ankle and massage. It can take up to 18months to resolve in extreme cases.
An effective home remedy is to fill a frozen water bottle with ice and roll the foot over the top for a couple of minutes. This helps to numb and massage the affected area.